According to the WHO Reproductive Health is a state of physical, mental and social whole, not only free from disease or disability in all aspects relating to the reproductive system, its functions and processes.
While adolescent sexuality and reproductive health is defined as a state of physical and psychological well-being a teenager, including the state free from unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, sexually transmitted diseases including HIV / AIDS, as well as all forms of violence and sexual coercion.
Why adolescent reproductive health so important?
Adolescence is a period of transition between childhood and adulthood with relative not yet reached the stage of mental and social maturity that they have to face the pressures of social emotions and conflicting.
In developing countries, this transition takes place very quickly. Even the age at first sex has always turned out to be younger than the ideal age to get married.
Needs and the types of risks faced by adolescent reproductive health have different characteristics than children or adults. Types of reproductive health risks that must be faced teens include pregnancy, abortion, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), the sexual violence, as well as the problem of limited access to health information and services.
This risk is influenced by many interrelated factors, namely the demand for early marriage and sexual relationships, access to education and employment, gender inequality, sexual violence and the influence of mass media and lifestyle.
Especially for girls, they lack basic information about the skills to negotiate sex with their partner. They also have less chance to get a formal education and a job that will ultimately affect the ability of decision-making and empower them to delay marriage and pregnancy and prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Sometimes triggers behaviors or unhealthy habits in teens it is due
disharmony father-mother relationship, parental attitudes kid or teen taboo questions about the function and reproductive processes and causes of sexual arousal, and frequency of child violence.
Parents tend to feel uncomfortable and unable to provide adequate information regarding the reproductive organs and the reproductive process. Therefore, easily arise fear among parents and teachers, that education that touches the issue of reproductive organ development and function actually even encourage teens to have sex before marriage.
School environment, the influence of friends, teachers unprepared to provide reproductive health education, and the condition of the violence surrounding homes also have a role and influence is not small.
To minimize these risks there is no way other than the disclosure of information, especially from parents, and early sex education. When teenagers equipped with a comprehensive knowledge of reproductive health, the teens can be more responsible in the act and make decisions in relation to their reproductive health.
The role of family, school, neighborhood and related agencies is essential in order to create a quality youth generation.